The 2001 commencement of the “War on Terror placed an unprecedented demand on the National Guard and Reserves. While Desert Storm involved the deployment of 222,614 ready reservists, over 590,000 Guard members and Reservists have been mobilized since September 11, 2001, with nearly fifty percent of the active military comprised of members of the National Guard and Reserve. This nation’s reliance upon the National Guard and Reserve for essential military readiness is reaching unprecedented levels. From its original conception as an organized group of local militias, the National Guard has evolved into an integral player in military personnel strategy. The significant increase in deployment, both in numbers and in length, has taken a toll on both the reservist and the employer. The War on Terror has required many of those deployed to leave family, friends, and employment for over a year.

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