Affirmative action is dead.
The evidence abounds in the unmistakable and systemic decline in black enrollment in the nation’s colleges and law schools. Such evidence is equally apparent from the Supreme Court’s resounding rejection of voluntary affirmative action in the Seattle, Washington, and Louisville, Kentucky, school districts.’ And it is evident in the ominous success over the last five years of conservative legislation, like Governor Jeb Bush’s One Florida and the Ward Connerly anti-affirmative action referenda in California and Michigan. Affirmative action was a ladder. It allowed generations of blacks, from Clarence Thomas to Barack Obama, to climb up out of the socio-economic well and become important members of society.